Generally, we use QuickBooks Sales Receipt to record Cash Sales transaction or charitable organisation using it as a donation receipt. However, for those who are in rental services (renting out equipment or facilities such as a conference room, studio, etc.) or chartering service (bus, car, boat, etc.) may use Sales Receipt feature to record the part used in serving the equipment or facilities. For example, you may change the worn out seat belt or car seat on the chartered bus. In this case, seat belt and car seat are your service part which you used it internally to maintain your asset.
Create the service parts as an inventory item, so when the item purchased it will debit the inventory asset of the maintenance part and credit the accounts payable or bank account.
Then, use the QuickBooks Sales Receipt (you can rename the form as ‘Service Note’ or something which relevant to your business) to record the part used on the equipment. The customer name on the receipt can be the equipment/asset name or vehicle number, which depending on businesses. Next, use those service part which you have purchased in the detail line with $0.00 selling price.
Assuming the cost of the part used is $1,000, then the double entry of the sales receipt will:
Debit Accounts Receivable 0.00
Debit Cost of Good Sold (or your prefered expense account) 1,000
Credit Sales 0.00
Credit Inventory Asset of the maintenance part 1,000
You can print an Inventory Valuation Detail report to check the transaction history of the part. Inventory Valuation Detail report is like a stock card where you can see the in/out of an item.
Next, print a Sales by Customer Report, which you can customise the report to something like ‘Service Parts Used by Machine’, to find out the items used on each machine (or vehicle).
QuickBooks is a simple yet feature-rich accounting system for small businesses.
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