Journal; the book of original entry.
The computerised accounting system has eliminated most of the tedious double-entry work. Gone are the days where the bookkeeper requires to prepare the sales and purchase journals, and update the sub-ledgers and ledgers, etc.
Although accounting processes have simplified, the general journal is available for the accountant to adjust the book. The accountant may use a general journal to reduce the net book value of the fixed assets or to reclassifying from one account to another, etc. during the month-end or year-end closing.
Besides the general journal, MoneyWorks also have stock journals cater to the user to adjust the stock quantity and value on hand. The stock journals available are:
- Make Journal
- Break Journal
- Writeoff Journal
- Create Journal
- Revalue Journal
- Transfer Journal
Make and Break Journals.
Use a Make Journal for assembly items and a Break Journal for disassembling.
A Make Journal created automatically with today’s date when you hit the build an assembly item button on the Items list; it shows the quantity built and the parts used for the assembly.
You may consider using the Make Journal instead of clicking the build button to have an assembly item built with a specific date of your choice. Sometimes, you may use a Make Journal when there is a slight difference in the component. Instead of amending the BOM (Bill of Materials) within an assembly item, a journal is better if it is a one-off order.
A Break Journal, on the other hand, is to disassemble a finished product. You cannot undo or cancel a Make Journal, but you can consider using a Break Journal to reverse the wrongly built item.
The second-hand dealer uses the Break Journal to strip down old machinery into multiple usable parts. Old parts are often recycled to the workshop to service out-of-date machinery. And, the scrap metal obtained is a big business to some.
Writeoff and Create Journals.
A Writeoff or a Create Journal recorded when you committed a stocktake. It will show as a Create Journal when there is an increase in stock quantity on hand. The Writeoff Journal, on the other hand, capture the decrease in stock.
You may, occasionally, use the Writeoff Journal or a Create Journal to adjust the stock on hand quantity instead of a full stocktake if the adjustment affects only a few products.
A stock journal is still a journal, which requires a double-entry to balance. You have to specify the expense account in the contra account field given. It debits or credits the inventory assets account and credits or debits the expense account when the stock journal posted.
You use a revalue journal when there is a revaluation to the old or obsoleted inventory. Of course, stock revaluation is very subjective and depending on the company or audit policy.
Transfer Journal, as the name suggested, is to transfer the product from one place to another. This feature comes in handy when you have multiple warehouses. The product cost and quantity moved when the journal posted.
You cannot cancel a Journal transaction, but you can duplicate and reverse the journal, or change the stock journal type after duplicate.